Understanding Purpose-Related Questions in Visual Text Comprehension

Hi everyone, today, our post will focus on understanding purpose-related questions in visual texts.

Understanding Purpose-Related Questions in VTC

Visual Texts: An Introduction

In the world today, visual texts are used to convey messages and communicate ideas in a variety of ways. These texts include print media such as posters and flyers as well as non-print ones like websites and online advertisements.

Why is it important for us to get used to viewing and understanding visual texts? One obvious reason is the fact that we are surrounded by visual texts in vast quantities and as a result, it is crucial that we learn to process and think critically about the messages that they present to us, similar to how we process and interpret written texts.

Mastering visual comprehension skills will also help us score for Paper 2, whether in the PSLE or the ‘O’ Levels, since this particular set of questions tests our ability to view and understand the visual text presented. Even though there is a wide range of visual texts, the question and answer techniques are similar and can be applied across the different texts.

For a start, today we will be sharing with you the purpose of the different types of visual texts and how to answer purpose-related questions.


Purpose in Visual Texts

Similar to a written text, a visual text is also created for a purpose. Some of the more common purposes include to inform, to entertain and to persuade. Let’s now take a look at the different visual texts and the specific purposes behind their creation:

1. To inform
Some visual texts are created with the aim of disseminating information. One such text is the newsletter as its purpose is to provide factual and accurate information that is undisputable on a regular basis. Think about the school newsletter you receive and how it contains information of the people and events related to your school. Sometimes, a newsletter serves to educate the public on vital information that comes from the government, for instance the REACH Bytes E-newsletter (link: https://www.reach.gov.sg/).

Other texts that can be used to increase awareness of specific issues include posters, notices, flyers, brochures and webpages. An example would be a flyer about how smoking is illegal at public areas like bus stops and taxi stands. This serves as an informative flyer to educate and remind the public about acts that break the law and the consequences that may be served to those who break it.

2. To persuade
These visual texts want readers to take action, for instance, to get them to watch a movie, take part in an activity or attend an event. Such texts include reviews, testimonials, brochures and posters. An example would be a brochure about a newly built university to showcase its campus and the courses it offers to potential undergraduates who are seeking to enrich themselves with more knowledge and obtain a degree.

3. To advertise
Some visual texts promote a service, product or even an organisation. These usually include but are not limited to flyers, posters, advertisements as well as brochures. Such texts usually include colourful images and persuasive language aimed at attracting the readers to buy the product or service being advertised.

4. To instruct
Visual texts like recipe books and instruction manuals fall in this category. They contain important steps with accompanying pictures to teach readers how to do something, like how to bake a cake or repair a car. The textbooks that you have for the different subjects in school are excellent examples of such a text.


How to Answer Purpose-Related Questions

A type of question that is often asked for visual text comprehension is related to purpose, for example:

• What is the objective of this poster?
• What does this brochure aim to achieve?

Let’s use the following example to learn the steps! Take a look at this poster:

VTC

Image from: Gov.SG

Step 1: Study the visual text carefully. This includes text as well as images.
The title of the poster clues us in that these are the 7 habits that people who are highly hygienic would practice. Each numbered information and accompanying image further supports this by giving details on what each of these 7 habits are. Besides that, there is also an image of a QR code that the reader can scan to find out the latest information about COVID-19. This tells me that this poster is created in relation to the current pandemic that we are in.

Step 2: Locate the creator or author of the text. This usually tells us a lot about why the text is created.
In this instance, the logo gov.sg found in the right bottom corner tells us that the poster is created by the Singapore government. Now ask yourself, why would the government create a poster about the 7 habits of highly hygienic people during a pandemic?

Step 3: Connect the content to the purpose and use a purpose-related word to answer the question e.g. to warn, to inform etc.
Since the poster shows the 7 habits practised by people who are highly hygienic and it is created by the government during a pandemic, I can safely infer that its purpose is to encourage Singaporeans to practise these 7 habits so as to keep themselves clean and safe during the COVID-19 pandemic.


We hope that today’s post has helped those of you who are struggling with understanding purpose in visual texts. As a general tip, do expose yourself to different types of visual texts and ask yourself what the message and purpose of each visual text is. That would be a great way to start becoming a more critical reader and hone your analytical skills! In time, you will feel more confident to deal with any visual text that comes your way!

Ms. Velvet

As a teacher, Ms Velvet believes in sharing her love for reading to her students and encouraging them to be confident speakers. Therefore, she incorporates lively discussions on meaningful topics in her lessons to impart knowledge to her students. She believes that in order to do well, one needs to be interested in learning, so she ensures that her lessons are meaningful and thought-provoking so that students can learn earnestly.

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest

Other related posts

3 Points of View to Make a Difference in Your Composition Writing
3 Tips On How To Prepare For Primary School Oral | Stimulus-Based Conversation
Primary School Vocabulary: Confuse, Confused, Confusing? Which is Which?
Introducing: Mighty Monsterella!
Study Smart! | 3 Revision Tips for Primary School Students!
Announcing the Winner of our ‘Queen of Your Heart’ Mother’s Day Contest!
Situational Writing: Check for Accuracy in These 3 Things!
Comprehension | 6 Steps to Tackle “Support With Evidence” 2-Part Questions
Last Comprehension Question (3 Types) in your Primary School Examination Paper
3 Ways to Express Appreciation Using English (Father’s Day Special)
3 Good Study Habits for Primary School Students
Announcing the Winner of our ‘A Poem for Dad’ Father’s Day contest!
3 Writing Skills to Learn from Reading a Book!
“E” is for Empathy | What Every Primary School Child Needs!
Building Grammar Foundations: Start Young, Start Now
3 Tips to Make You Stronger in Vocabulary MCQ!
3 Quick but Effective Tips on Editing
3 Tips to Secure More Marks in Visual Text Comprehension (VTC)!
A Lil’ Passion Drives Learning!
A Lil’ Grit Goes A Long Way
Tackling 3 Important Question Types in Comprehension: True/False, Referencing and Sequencing
Visual Text Comprehension | 4 Types of Non-Linguistic Features You Need to Know
4 Examination Components That Test You on Irregular Verbs
Grammar | “I” vs “Me” (Subjective VS Objective Pronoun)
Vocabulary | 5 Common Homophone Mistakes
Composition Writing | 3 Ways to Write A Good Line of Dialogue
3 Ways to Build A Confident Child With Your Choice of Words!
Look Back in a Flash! 3 Ways to Craft Effective Flashbacks
“What if…?” 4 What-Ifs That Make Students Panic During a Stimulus-Based Conversation
3 Things to Look Out for When Faced with a Composition Topic!
PSLE Oral SBC | 3 Things to Avoid When it Comes to Answering the 1st Question
PSLE Grammar | 3 Tricky Subjects that are Commonly Tested
Beauty World Centre Branch is moving to Bukit Timah Shopping Centre (right next door)!
PSLE Grammar | It’s Time! Stop Neglecting the Apostrophe – 2 Functions!
Primary School English | 3 Ways to Learn and Improve Your English at Home (or Just Anywhere!)
3 Netflix Animated Series to Watch
2 Ways to learning the English Language through Songs!
3 Board Games to Help You Brush Up Your English | Learning While You Are Having Fun!
Lil’ but Mighty School Workshops!
Usher in the new decade with Lil’ but Mighty!
Lower Primary | 2 Types of Comprehension Questions
PSLE Synthesis | STEP BY STEP ON HOW TO ACE THEM! (2019 Review)
Lil’ but Mighty Open House (2019)
Creative Writing & Compo | How to Punctuate Direct Speech
3 Common Suffixes to Tackle Vocabulary Questions and Editing
Announcing the Winners of our ‘My Friend & I’ Children’s Day Contest!
4 Tips on Crafting Effective Dialogues in a Composition
Top 3 Inaccurate Sentence Structures that You Hear in a Classroom
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!