Hello everyone! I am Ms Nuri, an English teacher at Lil’ but Mighty. I am thrilled today to start sharing tips for our lower primary friends in Primary 1 and 2!
Today, we are going to learn what makes up a sentence. Why do we need to know this? Well you are going to find out, that it will come in handy when you do the word order activity in school!
To make it easier, imagine that a sentence is like a train with different cabins. Words are like cabins that are linked together to form a sentence or a train.
Subject and Predicate
A sentence is usually made up of a subject and a predicate. A subject is what or who the sentence is about.
The subject is usually found at the beginning of a sentence, just like how the engine is located at the head of the train.
A predicate tells you more about the subject. It usually comes after the subject. This is similar to how the cabins of the train follow after the engine.
If we draw a picture of what I have just explained, it will look something like this:
Now let’s look at an example of a sentence!
Do you know what is the subject of the sentence? That’s right! The subject is ‘My friendly neighbour’.
The predicate is ‘waved at me’ because it tells you more about ‘my friendly neighbour’.
If we use the picture of the train that we have drawn earlier, the sentence would look like this:
Why is it important to know the subject of a sentence? If you are able to identify the subject of any sentence, then even when the sentence is jumbled up, you will be able to tell which words should come first!
Activity: Word Order
Let’s try the word order activity together. Take a look at this jumbled up sentence:
Can you identify the subject? Yes! It is ‘boy’. Look for other words that can describe our subject, ‘boy’. If you managed to put together ‘the hungry boy’, great job!
On the engine of the train, we should write the subject like this:
Let’s link up the predicate next. A predicate usually starts with an action word called a verb. In the given jumbled up sentence, the verb is ‘finished’. All that is left to do now is to write the remaining parts of the predicate, ‘all the food’. Link them up and you will get the complete sentence. Our train is now complete:
Of course, you have to remember to capitalise the first letter of the first word and put a full stop at the end of the sentence. See my example in the box below:
So let’s do a quick recap. A sentence usually has a subject and a predicate. The subject is at the start of the sentence and the predicate is what comes after the subject. Just like how a train without an engine cannot move, a sentence without a subject is not complete!
I’m sure you would like to try making a few trains of your own using jumbled up words. You can do so by downloading the free worksheet below! Get an adult to help cut out the jumbled up words and have fun rearranging them by:
- Identifying the subject.
- Identifying the verb.
- Linking up the rest of the sentence!
Have fun and share your answers in the comments section below!