PSLE English | Editing

PSLE English | Editing: Common Errors (Part 3)

In the final post for the series, I will go through errors in word forms and connectors. I understand that many of you are busy with common tests and I hope you have found the earlier tips useful as you revise for the PSLE English | Editing section.

1. Word forms

Quick recap: Most words exist in different forms – a word can be used as a noun, an adjective, a verb and even an adverb.

Take the word ‘energy’ for instance. As a noun, it means ‘a power or ability to be physically or mentally active’. Other forms of this word include ‘energise’ (verb), ‘energetic’ (adjective) and ‘energetically’ (adverb). To create different forms, you usually add a suffix to the basic form of the word.

Editing error: Using the wrong word form

Example 1:

PSLE English | Editing

Correction:

‘Expose’ should be corrected to ‘exposure’ because ‘expose’ is a verb while what is required here is a noun. One clue comes from the word ‘greater’, which is an adjective. Since adjectives only describe nouns, this tells you that you need to correct ‘expose’ into its noun form.

Another clue comes from the word ‘experience’ which is a noun. It makes more grammatical sense for the two words joined by the connector ‘and’ to be of the same form.

Example 2: 

PSLE English | Editing

Correction:

‘Convenient’ is an adjective so it should be corrected to ‘convenience’ which is the noun form of the word. This is a tricky one because many students often confuse these two forms of the word. In this instance, the clue comes from the word ‘cleanliness’ which is a noun.

Just like in the previous example, two words that are joined by ‘and’ should be in the same form. In this case, both words should be nouns.

Tip for this type of error:

It is useful to know the different forms a word can have and how to use each form correctly in a sentence. Try recording a table that lists the noun, verb and adjective forms of a word.

As shown in the examples above, you can also try to locate clues close to the errors – ask yourself what form these clue words are and highly likely, the error needs to be corrected to a similar form.

Below is a table of commonly confused word forms:

PSLE English | Editing

Another type of word form error results from the confusion between –ed and–ing adjective endings. For instance, you may have heard your friend complaining about how ‘boring’ he feels when he has nothing to do. Here, what your friend means to say is that he feels ‘bored’.

Although ‘boring’ and ‘bored’ are both adjectives, the –ing form is used to describe the cause while the –ed form is used to describe the effect. I hope these examples below will help to make this distinction clearer to you:

  • The lecture is boring (cause) so I feel bored (effect).

  • I was shocked (effect) to hear such shocking news (cause).

  • The movie was interesting (cause). Everyone is interested to watch it (effect).

  • The class was excited (effect) to go on such an exciting trip (cause).

2. Connectors

Quick recap: Connectors are used to join ideas in a sentence and help express ideas within a paragraph or passage. Common ones include ‘and’, ‘or’, ‘but’, ‘because’ and ‘since’. It is good to be clear on how to use the different types of connectors.

Editing error: Using the wrong connector

Example 1: 

Common Errors in Editing

Correction:

The correct connector to use here is ‘but’ because the sentence is showing a contrast between two ideas. The boys were in desperate need of a drink, yet they did not drink water because they had very little water left.

Example 2: 

Common Errors in Editing

Correction:

‘And’ should be corrected to ‘or’ because two possible scenarios are given – the crab could have been hiding on the island or it has left and is now returning. The clue also comes from the use of ‘either’, which tells us that ‘or’ should follow it instead of ‘and’.

Tip for this type of error:

You will need to read the entire sentence that contains the connector error carefully. Sometimes you may even need to read the sentence that comes before and after it. This is so that you understand the connection between the ideas, which would help you decide on the correct connector to use.


In Summary

 

This concludes the series on common editing errors. In these 3 parts, I have focused on mistakes involving the following grammar items:

  1. The Infinitive

  2. Subject-Verb Agreement

  3. Prepositions

  4. Present and Past Tenses

  5. Present and Past Participles

  6. Pronouns

  7. Word Forms

  8. Connectors

I hope you have found my explanations clear and have benefitted from the examples I have provided. Let me know in the comments section if there are other grammar items that you would like me to cover or if you have any other questions pertaining to the editing section. All the best!


Edit with Edit-tea

Ms. Nora

Nora is an English Teacher at Lil’ but Mighty. She is committed to providing students with a dynamic and nurturing environment in which they can grow and develop. One of her greatest strengths as an educator is instilling a love for the English Language in her students.

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share

Other related posts

How to Execute Direct and Indirect Speech Transformation Confidently! | PowerPoint Slides
Free News Sources for Kids
Holiday + Learning = Fun!
Primary 4 Marching Onto Primary 5: Changes You Need to Know for English
Continuous Writing | 4 Tips to Address the Topic
Reading | Video: A Totto-ly Delightful Read!
4 Fun & Interactive Classroom Display Tools!
Teachers Who Love English, We Want You!
5 Commonly Confused Pairs (or is it Pears?)
Steps to Score Well in Situational Writing for PSLE English
I Love Reading | 3 Tips for Reluctant Readers
The First Write Recipe Workshop at Greenridge Primary School!
Understanding IF Conditionals!
Fans of Fiction: 3 Websites to Check Out This Holiday
Authentic Learning Activity | Editor on the Move!
5 Graphic Novels To Check Out This Holiday
Paper 2: Don’t Lose the Marks Everyone is Getting!
Comprehension | What Do I Need to Highlight?
Post Exam | 3 Important Things to Do After Receiving Your Exam Script
Authentic Learning | A New Way to Read the News
Learning Idioms: Have The Upper Hand With These 3 Tips
Tricky Prepositions to Clarify Before Your Exam
More importantly, your knowledge of prepositions can be tested in numerous sections in Paper 2 - Grammar MCQ, Vocabulary MCQ, Grammar Cloze, Comprehension Cloze and Editing. That’s more than half of the components in Paper 2!
App-y Tuesday: Prep Your Prepositions with These Apps!
As a follow up to my previous post on prepositions, I thought I would share with you three apps which you can download if you’re looking for an effective and fun way to learn prepositions.
Bingo Revision 4 Ways!
In this post, I am going to show you how the modest game of Bingo can be used as a fun revision tool.
Insert Exciting Dialogue Tags to Your Primary School Composition!
To start off with, let me share with you the power of using dialogue. Dialogue is an essential part of the story.
How to Pronounce the /th/ Sound?
In this post, I would like to help you to start mastering the /th/ sound with 2 simple steps.
Perfecting the Paragraph: Know When To Start A New Paragraph
We all know that to write a good story, we need to have a clear structure. But how do we structure our stories? If your answer is, “by having paragraphs”, then you are very nearly correct.
7 Essay Types at the O Level
Five Essentials to Score for Formal Situational Writing
Let’s Go On A Learning Journey | Two Awesome Places To Visit During the December Holidays!
Activities for the Holidays!
Between Two Commas: How to Deal with Extra Information
Continuous Writing: 3 Specific Things to Check For!
PSLE English Specialist Teacher Wanted!
NYT Copy-Edit This: Free Editing Resource
3 Writing Skills to Start Nurturing from Primary 2
5 Ways to Start a Primary School Composition
Visual Text Comprehension | 4 Types of Non-Linguistic Features You Need to Know
4 Examination Components That Test You on Irregular Verbs
Grammar | “I” vs “Me” (Subjective VS Objective Pronoun)
Vocabulary | 5 Common Homophone Mistakes
Writing a Composition | 3 Ways to Write A Good Line of Dialogue
3 Ways to Build A Confident Child With Your Choice of Words!
Look Back in a Flash! 3 Ways to Craft Effective Flashbacks
Building Grammar Foundations: Start Young, Start Now
“E” is for Empathy | What Every Primary School Child Needs!
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!

Primary School English Tuition| Lil' but Mighty English