Primary School Vocabulary: Confuse, Confused, Confusing? Which is Which?

Primary School Vocabulary: Confuse, Confused, Confusing? Which is Which?

I confuse others.

I am confusing.

I am confused.

Huh?

Welcome back to the blog! Today, I’ll be discussing word transformations. In particular, I’ll be focusing on adjectives that are derived from verbs. This topic is applicable to the vocabulary, editing and comprehension cloze components.

Primary School Vocabulary: Confuse, Confused, Confusing? Which is Which?

While I was looking over my students’ comprehension cloze answers a few days ago, I realised that some of them were confused by the form of a given word. For one of the questions, students were supposed to describe the state of technology:

Primary School Vocabulary: Confuse, Confused, Confusing? Which is Which?

Many students understood that the sentence means that medical technology in the past is not as developed as it is now.

The answer was actually ‘advanced’. However, several students gave their answers as ‘advance’. Unfortunately, the latter is wrong. Why?

1) Recognise when an adjective is needed

 

That is because their answer, ‘advance’, is a verb meaning ‘move forward in a purposeful way’.

However, the question required an adjective (a describing word) since it is describing the noun ‘medical technology’. As such, ‘advanced’, an adjective meaning ‘far on or ahead in development or progress’ is the answer.

Recognise when an adjective is needed

Once you have recognised what type of word is required, whether it is an adjective or a verb, you are one step closer to getting the answer. In the event that you need an adjective, what else will you need to take note of?

2) Choosing the correct adjective between two that look similar

 

In English, students need to be aware that adjectives can be created from verbs by the addition of certain suffixes. Of the myriad of suffixes available, -ed and -ing suffixes are common. Take a look at the verb ‘bore’ and its resultant adjectives:

Choosing the correct adjective between two that look similar

However, this often gives rise to another common error that students make. When using -ed or -ing adjectives, one should know the difference between them. Very frequently, I hear children telling me, “I didn’t like that movie. I am so boring!” Can you see what is wrong with what the children said?

I am boring. —> I am making other people bored.

I am bored. —> I am not interested.

Hence, the child should be saying, “I didn’t like that movie. I am so bored!”  I am pretty sure that the child was not trying to tell me that he makes others bored.

Take, another example, the adjectives ‘terrified’ and ‘terrifying’:

2) Choosing the correct adjective between two that look similar

So… what is the difference being the -ed and -ing form?

So… what is the difference being the -ed and -ing form?

To sum up, students need to be aware when the sentence requires a verb and an adjective. Are you describing someone or something? If you are, an adjective necessary. Next, be aware of such adjectival forms of common verbs. To help you along, below is a list of common verbs and their adjectival forms:

2) Choosing the correct adjective between two that look similar

Remember! If you want to use an adjectival form of verbs like those above, take note that they will have an -ed or -ing suffix. Without such suffixes, you will be using the verb form.

I wrote this blog post in the hopes that it would enlighten you, so I hope that this post has been enlightening and has left you enlightened!

Ms. Quek

Ms. Quek is an English Teacher at Lil’ but Mighty. She is dedicated to helping her students do well in the language through a focus on the learning process. As an educator, she believes in creating a nurturing and stimulating environment for students to learn.

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest

Other related posts

3 Tips to Make You Stronger in Vocabulary MCQ!
Introducing: Mighty Monsterella!
Study Smart! | 3 Revision Tips for Primary School Students!
Announcing the Winner of our ‘Queen of Your Heart’ Mother’s Day Contest!
Situational Writing: Check for Accuracy in These 3 Things!
Comprehension | 6 Steps to Tackle “Support With Evidence” 2-Part Questions
Last Comprehension Question (3 Types) in your Primary School Examination Paper
3 Ways to Express Appreciation Using English (Father’s Day Special)
3 Good Study Habits for Primary School Students
Announcing the Winner of our ‘A Poem for Dad’ Father’s Day contest!
3 Writing Skills to Learn from Reading a Book!
“What if…?” 4 What-Ifs That Make Students Panic During a Stimulus-Based Conversation
3 Things to Look Out for When Faced with a Composition Topic!
3 Tips On How To Prepare For Primary School Oral | Stimulus-Based Conversation
“E” is for Empathy | What Every Primary School Child Needs!
3 Quick but Effective Tips on Editing
3 Tips to Secure More Marks in Visual Text Comprehension (VTC)!
A Lil’ Passion Drives Learning!
A Lil’ Grit Goes A Long Way
Tackling 3 Important Question Types in Comprehension: True/False, Referencing and Sequencing
Visual Text Comprehension | 4 Types of Non-Linguistic Features You Need to Know
4 Examination Components That Test You on Irregular Verbs
Grammar | “I” vs “Me” (Subjective VS Objective Pronoun)
Vocabulary | 5 Common Homophone Mistakes
Composition Writing | 3 Ways to Write A Good Line of Dialogue
3 Ways to Build A Confident Child With Your Choice of Words!
Look Back in a Flash! 3 Ways to Craft Effective Flashbacks
Building Grammar Foundations: Start Young, Start Now
PSLE Oral SBC | 3 Things to Avoid When it Comes to Answering the 1st Question
4 Tips on Crafting Effective Dialogues in a Composition
Beauty World Centre Branch is moving to Bukit Timah Shopping Centre (right next door)!
PSLE Grammar | It’s Time! Stop Neglecting the Apostrophe – 2 Functions!
Primary School English | 3 Ways to Learn and Improve Your English at Home (or Just Anywhere!)
3 Netflix Animated Series to Watch
2 Ways to learning the English Language through Songs!
3 Board Games to Help You Brush Up Your English | Learning While You Are Having Fun!
Lil’ but Mighty School Workshops!
Usher in the new decade with Lil’ but Mighty!
Lower Primary | 2 Types of Comprehension Questions
PSLE Synthesis | STEP BY STEP ON HOW TO ACE THEM! (2019 Review)
Lil’ but Mighty Open House (2019)
Creative Writing & Compo | How to Punctuate Direct Speech
Composition Unpacking: See, Think, Wonder!
PSLE Grammar | 3 Tricky Subjects that are Commonly Tested
3 Common Suffixes to Tackle Vocabulary Questions and Editing
Top 3 Inaccurate Sentence Structures that You Hear in a Classroom
“Our Lil’ Red Dot!” (54th National Day Contest)
PSLE Stimulus-Based Conversation | Stop Doing These Three Things In Your Ending (Conclusion)
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!