image asset 5 1

Primary English | 4 Ways to End Your Story

From that day onwards, Jacob learnt his lesson and dared not play with matchsticks again.

Since then, Richard vowed to keep his eyes on the road at all times.

Samantha learnt to be more considerate in the future. Once bitten, twice shy.


All’s well, ends well. You have developed most of your story well and it is time for you to end it. Some children find writing the conclusion extremely challenging as they are unsure of what a conclusion should contain. Out of desperation, some children end up writing extremely short conclusions like the ones above which discount all their efforts in the earlier part of the essay.

What makes a good conclusion to a story? A good conclusion should show at least one of the following:
1. how you are aligned to the topic
2. how the conflict/problem is solved
3. what happens to the main characters in the end
4. a connection to the beginning

An effective conclusion will engage the readers to the very end and help them to tie up the entire story properly.

If you are unsure of what you need to include in your conclusion, here are 4 suggestions as to what your conclusion can tell the readers at the end:

1. Tells what happens in the future

This is commonly referred to as the “crystal ball” view as writers allow readers to have a glimpse into the future of the main characters.

Questions to think about: What happened after a period of time after the incident? Did the person succeed?

Topic: Gratitude

Possible Problem: A teenage delinquent almost shoplifted under the influence of bad company. His kind neighbour, Uncle Lim, stopped him and advised him to achieve his dreams.

Conclusion:

Years later, a neatly-dressed young man holding an envelope stood in front of the noodle stall. After the fateful incident, David had left the gang and stayed out of trouble. Bearing Uncle Lim’s words to work hard in mind, he had enrolled in a culinary school. Through sheer hard work, he managed to complete his course and was finally graduating. Taking in a deep breath, he approached the familiar elderly man to express his gratitude by inviting him to his graduation ceremony. Without Uncle Lim, he would not be who he was.

2. Tells what has changed (or not)

The problem or event in a story can cause a change in the main characters. Think about how the character may change at the end of the story or if the character had remained the same in a similar situation. For such conclusions, there should be a clear contrast to the character’s earlier behaviour.

Questions to think about: How has the character changed compared to the beginning? What shows the change?

Possible Topic: An Accident/ A Close Shave

Problem: Richard, a deliveryman crashed into a car as he was distracted by his mobile phone.

Conclusion:

A few days later, a van with the words, “Joyous Bakes” was cruising along the highway. Richard’s mobile phone was ringing incessantly on the passenger seat. Just as he was about to reach for it, he retracted his fingers and held on tight to the steering wheel. Recalling the accident that he had a few days ago, he was not going to put his life at risk again.

OR How the character has remained the same?

A few days later, a van with the words, “Joyous Bakes” was cruising along the highway. Richard’s mobile phone was ringing incessantly on the passenger seat. With an irritated grunt, he reached for the phone and placed it beside his ear. “Hello, what do you want?” grumbled Richard as he manoeuvred the steering wheel with a bandaged hand. It was going to take more than an accident for Richard to change his dangerous habit. 

3. Tells what has been learnt + decision/ resolution

After a significant event, the main characters might have learnt a lesson. Did the character learn a particular life value e.g. being responsible, vigilant, to not take safety for granted etc. and did he make a decision to not have such an incident happen again? This conclusion may also be useful for pupils who like to restate the theme of the composition (e.g. being considerate, an embarrassing incident) explicitly at the end.

Questions to think about: What are the life values learnt? What is the decision made to not encounter such a problem again? How can the theme of the composition be tied in with the question?

Example 1

Possible Topic: An inconsiderate act/ A fire

Problem: Granny Lin refused to clear her cluttered corridor despite her neighbours’ advice and a fire started one day. Her neighbours helped her during and after the fire.

Conclusion:

Looking at the charred walls and how her neighbours were working together to tidy up her flat, a wave of remorse swept over Granny Lin. That day, she learnt how she should have heeded others’ advice to keep the corridor clear and more importantly, how fortunate she was to have neighbours who cared for her. She wiped away a tear and made the decision to show more appreciation to her neighbours from then on.

Example 2

Possible Topic: An embarrassing incident

Problem: Charlie, split his pants during his birthday party and was utterly embarrassed.

Conclusion:

As he buttoned his pants with his sausage-like fingers, Charlie made up his mind to have a new goal on his birthday. He would not eat so much again and that would be the first and last pair of pants that he would tear in his life.

4. Tells the consequence of the main character’s action

Depending on whether the main character has done a positive or negative thing, the conclusion can be used to give the appropriate consequence.

Questions to think about: What are the consequences e.g. punishment, praise etc of the main character’s actions? How does the main character’s action affect people around him?

The next day, as a punishment, Daryl had to clear the entire camping area of litter after they packed up. He did it without protest because he knew he should not have tried to take revenge on the girls. James felt a little sorry for Daryl because not only did his prank backfire, but none of the girls were even aware of what he tried to do. They had slept through the night, deep in slumber. Still, it was definitely a camp worth remembering.


Avoid

1. Dream / nightmare endings which  are usually anti-climatic and kills the excitement of a story immediately e.g. David realised it was all a dream and got up to get ready for school. NO!

2. A short cliche one-liner which is not specific to the problem in the story. Once bitten, twice shy and Samuel turned over a new leaf. (How?)


I hope that with the above 4 ways of thinking about your conclusion, you will find it easier to write effective conclusions that tie up your stories well! All the best for your upcoming Paper 1!

4 Ways to End Your Story

Group 48 15 1
Mrs Chew

With her passion to create relevant and easy-to-understand materials for the lil’ ones, Mrs Lily Chew works alongside her team of teachers to design the Lil’ but Mighty curriculum. Constantly looking at best educational practices and thinking of ways to improve the curriculum, Mrs Chew finds pure joy in unlocking creative and different ways of helping each child achieve his or her personal best.

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share

Other related posts

Creative Writing | 3 Easy Steps to Write Your Own Haiku!
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 3: Changes in Verb Forms
Ketchup on English! – is, are, was and were!
Audience In Visual Text | Visual Text Comprehension
Exploring Points of View (POV) in Composition Writing
Metaphors For? | Part II – Implied Metaphors
10 Beautiful Vivid Verbs to Boost Your Writing and Oral! | Primary School English
Metaphors For? | Part I – An Introduction to Metaphors
3 Family-Friendly Shows on Netflix (Educational & Entertaining)!
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 2: Tenses
2021 Father’s Day Contest Winners
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 1: Subject-Verb Agreement
10 Beautiful Words You Can Use in Narrative / Descriptive Writing | Secondary School
Ways To Create A Well-Rounded Character | Creative Writing
Understanding Purpose-Related Questions in Visual Text Comprehension
How Playing Video Games Can Improve Our English (With Practical Tips for Parents!)
Primary School Composition | Onomatopoeia – What’s That?
2021 Mother’s Day Contest Winners + Our Founder’s Journey (Mother’s Day Special)!
Composition Revision: Using Your 5 Senses in Your Writing
How to Create A Dynamic Piece of Writing Using Idioms
Ketchup on English! – Subject-Verb Agreement
Punctuation Marks: Colon Vs. Semicolon
4 steps to Create Suspense
That Simile Though 2 | Using Stronger Similes
Up-Close and Personal: Getting to Know the Personal Recount Essay
PSLE ORAL | Compiled Prelim 2021 Oral Topics + Questions!
If you’re looking at getting recent PSLE Prelim Oral topics and practice questions, this will be an excellent resource for you!
5 Steps to Convert a Newspaper Article into a Cloze Passage
I would like to share with you 5 steps on how authentic articles can be transformed into cloze passages easily. Read on here!
PSLE English | Oral Conversation: Free SG50 Sample Practice + Model Answers
In this blogpost we will be touching on the oral stimulus-based conversation topic of National Day and SG50! Read on here!
PSLE English | Oral Conversation: Filling your Story with Details Easily + Free Revision Cards
By simply using the 5W1H, your children will be able to lengthen their stories (hence, the conversation!). Read on here!
PSLE English | Situational Writing: Q&A + Formal vs Informal Writing Comparison Chart
To aid you in your situational writing revision, here is a comparison chart that shows the differences between formal and informal writing!
PSLE English Tips | Oral: Stimulus-Based Conversation Checklist
To help my children handle the Stimulus-Based Conversation examination, here are some instructions again about using the checklist!
A Little Encouragement | DIY Motivational Bookmark (Easy to personalise too!)
A bookmark with a quote to motivate is also a chance for them to see the power of words and how words can mean more than what they seem.
Situational Writing: Step-by-Step Guide + Free Revision Card
I believe a walkthrough on the process of doing situational writing is in order. Here are the requirements for content and language!
I Love Reading | 5 Ways to Motivate Reluctant Readers
One of the most important ingredients necessary for a child or anyone learning English is the habit of reading. Get motivated to read now!
PSLE English | Printable Ultimate Grammar & Synthesis Summary
Today, we are sharing two lists of essentials in our Ultimate Grammar and Synthesis Summary Printable. Download them free here!
How Well Do You Know Your Past Participles?
While we are familiar with the past, present and future tenses, the little less known but equally important tense is the past participles.
Primary Composition Writing | Starting Sentences with Introductory Clauses
Today, we'll be revising the use of sentence starters to help you create variety in your sentence structures. Read on here!
The Sentence Train | Lower Primary English
Today, we are going to learn what makes up a sentence. It will come in handy when you do the word order activity in school! Read on here!
PSLE English Tips | Oral: Reading Checklist
This Oral Reading Checklist can be used by children when they practise reading on their own. Download it now!
Language of COVID | 10 Words Added to the Dictionary
Using Personification to Show, Not Tell!
Expressing Character Feelings Too! | Using Show-Not-Tell (Part 2)
How to Choose a Book to Read: 8 Ways
How to Dress Up A Boring Paragraph | Creative Writing
Ketchup on English! – Halloween Special: Prepositions of Time!
Ketchup on English! – Verbs Are Not Just Action Words!
Expressing Character Feelings | Using Show-Not-Tell
Which Picture Should I Use? | Choosing the Best Picture to Use for Composition!
Oral: Reading Passage | Long Vowels – Have You Been Reading Your Vowels Correctly?
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!

shape icon 06
shape icon 05