Parts of Speech: Part 1 | Lower Primary English

Hi, everyone! I am Ms Nuri, an English Teacher at Lil’ but Mighty. In my last blog post, I shared on what a sentence is and how to reorder jumbled up words using subject and predicate. I hope you little ones managed to complete the activity on your own.

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

Now that you know what makes up a sentence, let’s learn more about the types of words that make up a sentence! There are eight of them altogether. They are called parts of speech. Today, we are going to learn four of them: noun, pronoun, adjective and action verb.

Knowing parts of speech will make it easier for you to do well in grammar activities in school! Are you ready? Let’s get to it!


To make a complete sentence, you need a noun or pronoun, and their buddy, the action verb. A noun is a word that names a person, place, object or animal. In every sentence, the subject is usually a noun. Look at the nouns below:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

For instance, take a look at this sentence: The postman carries a parcel. In this case, the subject of the sentence is the noun ‘the postman’. Can you think of more nouns?

Game: Challenge yourself and write as many nouns as you can in one minute!


We don’t always use nouns in a sentence. Imagine using nouns over and over again. It would be tiresome! This is what it would look like:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

What a mouthful! This is why we use pronouns! If we use pronouns, we can replace the noun with a shorter word. The sentence will then look like this:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

Ah, that’s better! Here is a list of pronouns that you should know:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

Of course, there is also I, and then there is also you!

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

Game: Point to the nearest noun (person, place, animal or thing), and shout out its pronoun. You can point at your friends and family members too. The more people you point at and the faster you do it, the more fun it is!


Nouns and pronouns alone, do not make up a sentence. We need to add a verb. A verb shows what the noun / pronoun is doing. There are many verbs that describe actions, such as the underlined words you see below:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

Remember, a verb also includes actions that do not have much movement such as, thinking, sleeping and sitting.

Game: Write 10 different verbs on small pieces of paper. Act them out and get a friend or family member to guess what they are.


With nouns, pronouns and verbs, you can create a full sentence! Here is an example:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

I think this sentence can be made more interesting using adjectives! These are words that describe nouns.

I can improve the sentence by describing the ice-cream man and the bell:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

The words ‘friendly’ and ‘loud’ are examples of adjectives. They each tell us more about the nouns in the sentence. Isn’t the sentence more interesting now? Adjectives help us to add details in each sentence.

Game: Practise describing a person to get to know more adjectives. Who is your favourite teacher? Can you describe him or her in detail? Describe what they wear, their characteristics and the way they speak and walk.

So there you have it, the four parts of speech: noun, pronoun, verb and adjective. To help you remember each part, I have summarised it in each of the boxes below:

Parts of Speech. Grammar.

Download a free Madlibs activity below and write a funny story using the four parts of speech that you have just learnt! Also, I hope you will try out the activities suggested in this post to help you learn more about these four parts of speech. Have fun and share with us your experiences in carrying out the activities in the comments section!





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Ms. Nuri

As a teacher, Ms Nuri believes in nurturing self-directed learners who have the drive to be the best versions of themselves, and the curiosity to always seek knowledge without being prompted to. She believes that English language education is anchored by effective communication and active listening, thus, she makes sure that her lessons are always lively with interaction!

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