Confused by Verbs | Past Tense Verbs – Part 3: Verbs That Double Their Consonants

Hi everyone! In my previous post on verbs, I showed the various transformations of verbs ending with ‘y’ into the past tense. In this post, let’s take a look at other verbs and their transformations.

Confused by Verbs. Grammar

Let’s twin ’em!

You may have noticed that some verbs end with consonants and when transformed into past tense, these ending consonants are doubled, for instance, jogged and hopped. As an adult, you might know which verbs have the ending consonant doubled because you have used them so often that it becomes instinctive. However, have you ever wondered how to tell if a verb needs to have its end consonants doubled when it transforms to its past tense form? Actually, there are fixed rules for twinning the ending consonant for English verbs!

3 Criteria for Twinning Ending Consonants of Past Tense Verbs that End with ‘ed’

  • 1 syllable

  • 1 vowel

  • 1 ending consonant

You might wonder… What do these criteria refer to? Let me explain in detail:

  • 1 syllable = There is only one part to the pronunciation of the verb. (e.g. jog, hop, bat etc.)

    Verbs such as “decay” (2 syllables), “collect” (2 syllables) and “refrigerate” (4 syllables) have more than one part to their pronunciation.

  • 1 vowel = There is only 1 vowel in the centre of the verb (e.g, mop, tap, pat etc.)
    Verbs such as “steal”, “bounce” and “cook” have 2 vowels that constitute the centre of the words.

  • 1 ending consonant = There is no more than one consonant at the end of the verb. (e.g. jog, hop & bat etc.)
    Verbs such as “bath“, “knock” and “start” have 2 ending consonants each.

    Words that end with consonants ‘w’, ‘x’ and ‘y’ cannot be twinned. Therefore, these criteria do not apply to words that end with these three consonants.

X rowwed X boxxed X toyyed

Here are some examples that show how ending consonants are twinned in verbs that fulfil these criteria:

Like the previous blogs on Past Tense Verbs, here are two worksheets that will allow your child to put into practice what has been taught today.

As most children are not used to the routine of checking the spelling of words based on criteria, it might be good to do the first two or three questions with your child. Explain and repeat the criteria to help your child understand and commit them to memory. After a few tries and reminders, most children will be able to spot verbs that fit these 3 criteria easily.

Exception to the rule

However, there are actually two-syllable verbs that twin their ending consonant. This occurs for verbs that end with a vowel followed by a single consonant and the stress in pronunciation occurs in the second syllable. If the second syllable is not stressed, the ending consonant is NOT twinned.

As this might be a little too complicated for young English learners to understand, I have prepared a list of high frequency two-syllable verbs which doubled their end consonant for your easy reference.

Confused by Verbs. Grammar

That’s all for this week! I hope this series on verbs transformation has proved to be useful for you and your child. Do share in the comments section if you have any feedback regarding the posts as well as their accompanying worksheets. Till next we meet, take care!

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share

Other related posts

Creative Writing | 3 Easy Steps to Write Your Own Haiku!
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 3: Changes in Verb Forms
Ketchup on English! – is, are, was and were!
Audience In Visual Text | Visual Text Comprehension
Exploring Points of View (POV) in Composition Writing
Metaphors For? | Part II – Implied Metaphors
10 Beautiful Vivid Verbs to Boost Your Writing and Oral! | Primary School English
Metaphors For? | Part I – An Introduction to Metaphors
3 Family-Friendly Shows on Netflix (Educational & Entertaining)!
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 2: Tenses
2021 Father’s Day Contest Winners
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 1: Subject-Verb Agreement
10 Beautiful Words You Can Use in Narrative / Descriptive Writing | Secondary School
Ways To Create A Well-Rounded Character | Creative Writing
Understanding Purpose-Related Questions in Visual Text Comprehension
How Playing Video Games Can Improve Our English (With Practical Tips for Parents!)
Primary School Composition | Onomatopoeia – What’s That?
2021 Mother’s Day Contest Winners + Our Founder’s Journey (Mother’s Day Special)!
Composition Revision: Using Your 5 Senses in Your Writing
How to Create A Dynamic Piece of Writing Using Idioms
Ketchup on English! – Subject-Verb Agreement
Punctuation Marks: Colon Vs. Semicolon
4 steps to Create Suspense
That Simile Though 2 | Using Stronger Similes
Ketchup on English: Book Recommendation – The Amazing Sarong!
PSLE ORAL | Compiled Prelim 2021 Oral Topics + Questions!
If you’re looking at getting recent PSLE Prelim Oral topics and practice questions, this will be an excellent resource for you!
5 Steps to Convert a Newspaper Article into a Cloze Passage
I would like to share with you 5 steps on how authentic articles can be transformed into cloze passages easily. Read on here!
PSLE English | Oral Conversation: Free SG50 Sample Practice + Model Answers
In this blogpost we will be touching on the oral stimulus-based conversation topic of National Day and SG50! Read on here!
PSLE English | Oral Conversation: Filling your Story with Details Easily + Free Revision Cards
By simply using the 5W1H, your children will be able to lengthen their stories (hence, the conversation!). Read on here!
PSLE English | Situational Writing: Q&A + Formal vs Informal Writing Comparison Chart
To aid you in your situational writing revision, here is a comparison chart that shows the differences between formal and informal writing!
PSLE English Tips | Oral: Stimulus-Based Conversation Checklist
To help my children handle the Stimulus-Based Conversation examination, here are some instructions again about using the checklist!
A Little Encouragement | DIY Motivational Bookmark (Easy to personalise too!)
A bookmark with a quote to motivate is also a chance for them to see the power of words and how words can mean more than what they seem.
Situational Writing: Step-by-Step Guide + Free Revision Card
I believe a walkthrough on the process of doing situational writing is in order. Here are the requirements for content and language!
I Love Reading | 5 Ways to Motivate Reluctant Readers
One of the most important ingredients necessary for a child or anyone learning English is the habit of reading. Get motivated to read now!
PSLE English | Printable Ultimate Grammar & Synthesis Summary
Today, we are sharing two lists of essentials in our Ultimate Grammar and Synthesis Summary Printable. Download them free here!
How Well Do You Know Your Past Participles?
While we are familiar with the past, present and future tenses, the little less known but equally important tense is the past participles.
Primary Composition Writing | Starting Sentences with Introductory Clauses
Today, we'll be revising the use of sentence starters to help you create variety in your sentence structures. Read on here!
The Sentence Train | Lower Primary English
Today, we are going to learn what makes up a sentence. It will come in handy when you do the word order activity in school! Read on here!
PSLE English Tips | Oral: Reading Checklist
This Oral Reading Checklist can be used by children when they practise reading on their own. Download it now!
Language of COVID | 10 Words Added to the Dictionary
Using Personification to Show, Not Tell!
Expressing Character Feelings Too! | Using Show-Not-Tell (Part 2)
How to Choose a Book to Read: 8 Ways
How to Dress Up A Boring Paragraph | Creative Writing
Ketchup on English! – Halloween Special: Prepositions of Time!
Ketchup on English! – Verbs Are Not Just Action Words!
Expressing Character Feelings | Using Show-Not-Tell
Which Picture Should I Use? | Choosing the Best Picture to Use for Composition!
Oral: Reading Passage | Long Vowels – Have You Been Reading Your Vowels Correctly?
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!

Primary School English Tuition| Lil' but Mighty English