Hi everyone! Welcome back! While in the midst of all the examination preparation, I came to realise that evidence-based questions in the comprehension paper is a question type that may prove to be a stumbling block for some students.
How does an evidence-based question look like? An example of this question type is:
Common errors that pupils may make include failing to answer the first part of the question as well as giving more than what is necessary to justify their answers. To help pupils tackle this question type well, I will be sharing a 6-step process to help them arrive at the answer! I do hope that this step-by-step approach will help to unpack the demands of this question and make it a less daunting question for them!
Step 1: Break down the question requirement
Questions in this format may be overwhelming for the children because there are two requirements to fulfil.
Pupils must be able to see that the first part of the question requires inference. An inferential question is one where the answer can only be derived from using clues from the passage. The second part of the question then requires justification. Simply put, “what shows” that what you have said is true? Support your answer with exact details that can be found from the passage. This is similar to True/False table-form questions where pupils have to provide the appropriate evidence to prove why a statement is true or false. Find out more about the question types here.
Step 2: Highlight the keywords in the statement
Step 3: Highlight answers from the passage
What are the clues in the passage that will provide you with the information to make an accurate inference?
Consider the text below:
Step 4: Respond to the first part of the question
Pupils have to take note that the first part of the question must be answered. Failure to do so will result in a zero mark awarded even if the evidence is accurate.
There are different types of evidence-based questions and in today’s example, a yes/no response is required. It is also encouraged that the answer be in a complete sentence. Do take note too that in such yes/no questions, if only the first part is answered, a zero will be given too!