Comprehension | 6 Steps to Tackle “Support With Evidence” 2-Part Questions

Hi everyone! Welcome back! While in the midst of all the examination preparation, I came to realise that evidence-based questions in the comprehension paper is a question type that may prove to be a stumbling block for some students.

How does an evidence-based question look like? An example of this question type is:

Comprehension

Common errors that pupils may make include failing to answer the first part of the question as well as giving more than what is necessary to justify their answers. To help pupils tackle this question type well, I will be sharing a 6-step process to help them arrive at the answer! I do hope that this step-by-step approach will help to unpack the demands of this question and make it a less daunting question for them!

Comprehension | 6 Steps to Tackle “Support With Evidence”

 

Step 1: Break down the question requirement
Questions in this format may be overwhelming for the children because there are two requirements to fulfil.

 

Break down the question requirement. Compre

Pupils must be able to see that the first part of the question requires inference. An inferential question is one where the answer can only be derived from using clues from the passage. The second part of the question then requires justification. Simply put, “what shows” that what you have said is true? Support your answer with exact details that can be found from the passage. This is similar to True/False table-form questions where pupils have to provide the appropriate evidence to prove why a statement is true or false. Find out more about the question types here.

Step 2: Highlight the keywords in the statement

 

Highlight the keywords in the statement. Compre

Step 3: Highlight answers from the passage
What are the clues in the passage that will provide you with the information to make an accurate inference?

Consider the text below:

Highlight answers from the passage. Compre

Highlight answers from the passage 

 

Step 4: Respond to the first part of the question
Pupils have to take note that the first part of the question must be answered. Failure to do so will result in a zero mark awarded even if the evidence is accurate.

Respond to the first part of the question

There are different types of evidence-based questions and in today’s example, a yes/no response is required. It is also encouraged that the answer be in a complete sentence. Do take note too that in such yes/no questions, if only the first part is answered, a zero will be given too!


Step 5: Craft your evidence based on the highlighted clue from the passage.

When crafting the evidence, pupils are advised to avoid blind lifting as not all information will answer the question. Look at whether one or two pieces of information are required. The examiner will penalise pupils for failing to meet the question requirement.

If a pupil gives less than the stated number of pieces of evidence, he/she will definitely not get the full marks. If a pupil gives more than what is required and the evidence is inaccurate, he or she may be penalised too.

Craft your evidence based on the highlighted clue from the passage. 

Craft your evidence based on the highlighted clue from the passage. 

Alternatively, craft the second part of the question by starting with “The two pieces of evidence are that…” Some pupils may find this structure helpful in helping them to start the answer.

Craft your evidence based on the highlighted clue from the passage.

Step 6: Check for TAPS.
 As a checking step, do check for TAPS: tense, accuracy of answer, punctuation and spelling.

I hope this step-by-step guide to tackling open-ended comprehension questions that require justification will be helpful. When the question seems complex, pupils are encouraged to break it down into manageable chunks first. Ultimately with more practise, the steps should become part of a thinking routine which will help the pupil process information and provide answers more accurately. Thank you for reading!

Check for TAPS. 

 

 

Ms. Cynthia

Ms Cynthia is an English Teacher at Lil’ but Mighty. In her 5 years of English Language teaching experience, she has enjoyed guiding her students to explore the literary world and provide them with the tools to unpack and decipher texts. As a teacher who is passionate about the language, she hopes to inspire the children to become creative and critical thinkers who will be ready to face the challenges of the world.

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest

Other related posts

3 Tips to Make You Stronger in Vocabulary MCQ!
Primary School Vocabulary: Confuse, Confused, Confusing? Which is Which?
Introducing: Mighty Monsterella!
Study Smart! | 3 Revision Tips for Primary School Students!
Announcing the Winner of our ‘Queen of Your Heart’ Mother’s Day Contest!
Situational Writing: Check for Accuracy in These 3 Things!
Last Comprehension Question (3 Types) in your Primary School Examination Paper
3 Ways to Express Appreciation Using English (Father’s Day Special)
3 Good Study Habits for Primary School Students
Announcing the Winner of our ‘A Poem for Dad’ Father’s Day contest!
3 Writing Skills to Learn from Reading a Book!
“What if…?” 4 What-Ifs That Make Students Panic During a Stimulus-Based Conversation
3 Things to Look Out for When Faced with a Composition Topic!
3 Tips On How To Prepare For Primary School Oral | Stimulus-Based Conversation
“E” is for Empathy | What Every Primary School Child Needs!
3 Quick but Effective Tips on Editing
3 Tips to Secure More Marks in Visual Text Comprehension (VTC)!
A Lil’ Passion Drives Learning!
A Lil’ Grit Goes A Long Way
Tackling 3 Important Question Types in Comprehension: True/False, Referencing and Sequencing
Visual Text Comprehension | 4 Types of Non-Linguistic Features You Need to Know
4 Examination Components That Test You on Irregular Verbs
Grammar | “I” vs “Me” (Subjective VS Objective Pronoun)
Vocabulary | 5 Common Homophone Mistakes
Composition Writing | 3 Ways to Write A Good Line of Dialogue
3 Ways to Build A Confident Child With Your Choice of Words!
Look Back in a Flash! 3 Ways to Craft Effective Flashbacks
Building Grammar Foundations: Start Young, Start Now
PSLE Oral SBC | 3 Things to Avoid When it Comes to Answering the 1st Question
4 Tips on Crafting Effective Dialogues in a Composition
Beauty World Centre Branch is moving to Bukit Timah Shopping Centre (right next door)!
PSLE Grammar | It’s Time! Stop Neglecting the Apostrophe – 2 Functions!
Primary School English | 3 Ways to Learn and Improve Your English at Home (or Just Anywhere!)
3 Netflix Animated Series to Watch
2 Ways to learning the English Language through Songs!
3 Board Games to Help You Brush Up Your English | Learning While You Are Having Fun!
Lil’ but Mighty School Workshops!
Usher in the new decade with Lil’ but Mighty!
Lower Primary | 2 Types of Comprehension Questions
PSLE Synthesis | STEP BY STEP ON HOW TO ACE THEM! (2019 Review)
Lil’ but Mighty Open House (2019)
Creative Writing & Compo | How to Punctuate Direct Speech
Composition Unpacking: See, Think, Wonder!
PSLE Grammar | 3 Tricky Subjects that are Commonly Tested
3 Common Suffixes to Tackle Vocabulary Questions and Editing
Top 3 Inaccurate Sentence Structures that You Hear in a Classroom
“Our Lil’ Red Dot!” (54th National Day Contest)
PSLE Stimulus-Based Conversation | Stop Doing These Three Things In Your Ending (Conclusion)
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!