4 Examination Components That Test You on Irregular Verbs

“Matthew spreaded the butter onto his bread.”

“Jasmine shooked with fear.”

“I’m going to go lay down for a while.”

What do these sentences have in common?

If you answered that these sentences are using irregular verbs wrongly, you are correct!

In fact, these are some of the sentences that I often read when marking my students’ work. Often, my students make similar mistakes like these because they are unfamiliar with their irregular verbs!

4ExaminationComponentsThatTestYouonIrregularVerbs

In today’s blog entry, let’s have a look at what irregular verbs are and where they can appear in examination questions.

But first…what is the difference between regular and irregular verbs? Let’s do a recap.

Differencebetweenregularandirregularverbs

As you can see in the table above, regular verbs involve adding the same letters, either “d” or “ed” to the word to create the past tense and the past participle.

Irregular verbs, however, are a little more complicated.

 Irregularverbsarecomplicatedforprimaryschoolstudents

In the table above, irregular verbs have different endings instead of simply adding -ed to form the past tense form and past participle.

How do we familiarise ourselves with them? Remembering the various verb forms requires you to make an effort to memorise them and of course, practice makes perfect. If you frequently read about or do questions that involve irregular verbs, you will find yourselves remembering them. Learn how to familiarise yourself with irregular verbs in our previous blog post.

Why is it important to learn what irregular verbs are for your assessment? Well, they appear in four sections of the test paper, namely, Grammar MCQ, Synthesis and Transformation, Comprehension Cloze, and Editing. Let me take you through these few examples to show you how important irregular verbs are.

First, let’s start by going through a more manageable section of the paper—the Grammar MCQ section!

Grammar MCQ

 

IrregularVerbsinGrammarMCQ

As you can see from the options, this question is testing the students as to whether they are familiar with the irregular verb, “lay”. “Lay” refers to the action of putting someone or something down in a flat position. Here, it is referring to putting “my bag” down. The past tense and past participle forms of this verb are both “laid”.

AnnotatedanswertoirregularverbinGrammarMCQ

Since the doer is “I”and the tense is “every day” which indicates the present, the answer would be (2), “lay”.

Synthesis

Synthesis can be tricky because there are so many question types! However, you have to look out to see if participles are being tested. One way of testing participle is through the use of the perfect tense. Therefore, if you spot the words has/have/had/having in the answer stem or need to use them in the structure of the answer, you know that a past participle is likely to be required. Mark these words that require a past participle out on the worksheet immediately!

 

IrregularverbinSentenceSynthesisQuestion

You should be able to spot the word “Having” in the answer stem. As mentioned, “having” will require the past participle form of a verb to be used with it and you highlight it immediately. We use “Having” to indicate an earlier event that is completed and for questions that require you to use “Having”, you have to label the event that occurred earlier, which is, “Lucas tore his worksheet accidentally.”

Step1andStep2ofIrregularVerbinSynthesisQuestion

In this case, the setter is testing if you know the past participle form of the word, “tear” by giving you the past tense, “tore”.

So, your answer would be:

AnswerforIrregularVerbinSynthesisQuestion

Comprehension Cloze

Irregular verbs can also be tested in Comprehension Cloze! Similar to grammar questions, you have to identify the tense in the sentence with the blank or surrounding sentences to determine the tense you need to use in the blank. Let’s take a look at Q57 in this example:

 

IrregularVerbinComprehensionCloze

In the line with Q57 in it, I’ve highlighted the clue, “eggs”. I have also highlighted the past tense in the sentence because it gives us a clue as to what tense the blank is in. It’s clear that the past tense of “lay” (similar to the question tested in the Grammar MCQ earlier on) is needed.

Do not be confused with “lie”, which either means to tell an untruth or to refer to the action of lying on the bed. Hence, the past tense of “lay” is “laid”, which is written below:

AnswerstoIrregularVerbinComprehensionCloze

Now that you’ve seen an irregular verb in action, let’s move on to editing.

Editing

Irregular verbs can also be tested in the Editing component. Like the Comprehension Cloze, you must remember to highlight the tense word in the sentence with the blank or one of the surrounding sentences to correctly identify the type of tense you have to put in the blank.

Let’s take this example below:

IrregularVerbinEditing

In this case, we have highlighted the tense word, “asked”, which is in past tense. Hence, the student is required to fill in the past tense of “shake”, which is “shook,” another irregular verb!

AnswertoIrregularVerbinEditing

Whew! That was a lot, wasn’t it? To recap what you have learnt, you can try the short quiz below to test yourself!

Good luck!


 

 

 

 

 

Synthesis Skill-Wers

Synthesis Skill-wers

 

1. 30 over bite-sized video lessons! (On Golden Rules for synthesis and focused question types)

2. Unique strategies to tackle a wide range of synthesis question types e.g. Active/Passive voice, Direct/Indirect Speech, No sooner had… than…, Not only… but also etc.

3. Topical worksheets accompanying each video consisting of at least 5 questions + A bonus 20-question quiz upon completion of course! (over 150 practice questions in total)

Ms. Xie

Ms. Xie is an English Teacher at Lil’ but Mighty. Her best subject has always been English and she’s been writing ever since she could hold a pen. Her first book, Dragonhearted, was shortlisted for the Scholastic Asian Book Award in 2014 and published in 2016. It was also shortlisted for the Singapore Book Awards in 2017. She also won the Hedwig Anuar Children’s Book Award in 2018.

Have something to share? Drop us a comment below!

Leave a Reply

Share

Other related posts

Creative Writing | 3 Easy Steps to Write Your Own Haiku!
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 3: Changes in Verb Forms
Ketchup on English! – is, are, was and were!
Audience In Visual Text | Visual Text Comprehension
Exploring Points of View (POV) in Composition Writing
Metaphors For? | Part II – Implied Metaphors
10 Beautiful Vivid Verbs to Boost Your Writing and Oral! | Primary School English
Metaphors For? | Part I – An Introduction to Metaphors
3 Family-Friendly Shows on Netflix (Educational & Entertaining)!
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 2: Tenses
2021 Father’s Day Contest Winners
Verbs: More than Just Action Words! | Part 1: Subject-Verb Agreement
10 Beautiful Words You Can Use in Narrative / Descriptive Writing | Secondary School
Ways To Create A Well-Rounded Character | Creative Writing
Understanding Purpose-Related Questions in Visual Text Comprehension
How Playing Video Games Can Improve Our English (With Practical Tips for Parents!)
Primary School Composition | Onomatopoeia – What’s That?
2021 Mother’s Day Contest Winners + Our Founder’s Journey (Mother’s Day Special)!
Composition Revision: Using Your 5 Senses in Your Writing
How to Create A Dynamic Piece of Writing Using Idioms
Ketchup on English! – Subject-Verb Agreement
Punctuation Marks: Colon Vs. Semicolon
4 steps to Create Suspense
That Simile Though 2 | Using Stronger Similes
Practice or Practise? What’s the Difference?!
PSLE ORAL | Compiled Prelim 2021 Oral Topics + Questions!
If you’re looking at getting recent PSLE Prelim Oral topics and practice questions, this will be an excellent resource for you!
5 Steps to Convert a Newspaper Article into a Cloze Passage
I would like to share with you 5 steps on how authentic articles can be transformed into cloze passages easily. Read on here!
PSLE English | Oral Conversation: Free SG50 Sample Practice + Model Answers
In this blogpost we will be touching on the oral stimulus-based conversation topic of National Day and SG50! Read on here!
PSLE English | Oral Conversation: Filling your Story with Details Easily + Free Revision Cards
By simply using the 5W1H, your children will be able to lengthen their stories (hence, the conversation!). Read on here!
PSLE English | Situational Writing: Q&A + Formal vs Informal Writing Comparison Chart
To aid you in your situational writing revision, here is a comparison chart that shows the differences between formal and informal writing!
PSLE English Tips | Oral: Stimulus-Based Conversation Checklist
To help my children handle the Stimulus-Based Conversation examination, here are some instructions again about using the checklist!
A Little Encouragement | DIY Motivational Bookmark (Easy to personalise too!)
A bookmark with a quote to motivate is also a chance for them to see the power of words and how words can mean more than what they seem.
Situational Writing: Step-by-Step Guide + Free Revision Card
I believe a walkthrough on the process of doing situational writing is in order. Here are the requirements for content and language!
I Love Reading | 5 Ways to Motivate Reluctant Readers
One of the most important ingredients necessary for a child or anyone learning English is the habit of reading. Get motivated to read now!
PSLE English | Printable Ultimate Grammar & Synthesis Summary
Today, we are sharing two lists of essentials in our Ultimate Grammar and Synthesis Summary Printable. Download them free here!
How Well Do You Know Your Past Participles?
While we are familiar with the past, present and future tenses, the little less known but equally important tense is the past participles.
Primary Composition Writing | Starting Sentences with Introductory Clauses
Today, we'll be revising the use of sentence starters to help you create variety in your sentence structures. Read on here!
The Sentence Train | Lower Primary English
Today, we are going to learn what makes up a sentence. It will come in handy when you do the word order activity in school! Read on here!
PSLE English Tips | Oral: Reading Checklist
This Oral Reading Checklist can be used by children when they practise reading on their own. Download it now!
Language of COVID | 10 Words Added to the Dictionary
Using Personification to Show, Not Tell!
Expressing Character Feelings Too! | Using Show-Not-Tell (Part 2)
How to Choose a Book to Read: 8 Ways
How to Dress Up A Boring Paragraph | Creative Writing
Ketchup on English! – Halloween Special: Prepositions of Time!
Ketchup on English! – Verbs Are Not Just Action Words!
Expressing Character Feelings | Using Show-Not-Tell
Which Picture Should I Use? | Choosing the Best Picture to Use for Composition!
Oral: Reading Passage | Long Vowels – Have You Been Reading Your Vowels Correctly?
Previous
Next

Like what you are reading?

Subscribe now to receive news and tips hot off the press!

Primary School English Tuition| Lil' but Mighty English